Cross-country evidence on the contributions of research institutions to innovation
作者: Caroline PaunovMartin BorowieckiNevine El-Mallakh
英文丛书称: OECD Science, Technology and Industry Policy Papers
出版社: OECD Publishing,   2019
来源数据库: OECD
DOI: 10.1787/d52d6176-en
关键词: ChinaHigher education institutions (HEIs)InnovationLocal knowledge spilloversOECD countriesPatentsPublic research institutes (PRIs)Universities
原始语种摘要: This paper presents preliminary evidence on the patenting activities of 21 200 research institutions - 20 091 higher education institutions (HEIs) and 1 109 public research institutes (PRIs) - for 36 OECD countries and China from 1992 to 2014. Our evidence, which builds on a database that matches research institutions to a sample of their patent applications, indicates patent applications to the European Patent Office (EPO) filed by research institutions grew faster than industry patents. Those jointly filed by industry and research institutions grew even faster. However, research institutions’ share in patent applications remains low and their ratio of patents granted to applications is below that of industry. An econometric analysis at postal code level shows that geographical proximity...
全文获取路径: OECD  (合作)
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关键词翻译
关键词翻译
  • research 
  • patenting 铅处理
  • evidence 
  • country 地方
  • innovation 革新
  • industry 工业
  • applications 应用程序
  • share 分配
  • Patent 帕滕特<派吞特>牌手表
  • faster 加快