Collisional behaviors of astrophysical collisionless plasmas
作者: Antoine Bret
作者单位: 1ETSI Industriales , Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha , 13071 Ciudad Real , Spain
2 Instituto de Investigaciones Energéticas y Aplicaciones Industriales , Campus Universitario de Ciudad Real , 13071 Ciudad Real , Spain
刊名: Journal of Plasma Physics, 2015, Vol.81 (2)
来源数据库: Cambridge University Press Journal
DOI: 10.1017/S0022377815000173
原始语种摘要: In collisional fluids, a number of key processes rely on the frequency of binary collisions. Collisions seem necessary to generate a shock wave when two fluids collide fast enough, to fulfill the Rankine–Hugoniot (RH) relations, to establish an equation of state or a Maxwellian distribution. Yet, these seemingly collisional features are routinely either observed or assumed, in relation with collision less astrophysical plasmas. This article will review our current answers to the following questions: How do colliding collisionless plasmas end-up generating a shock as if they were fluids? To which extent are the RH relations fulfilled in this case? Do collisionless shocks propagate like fluid ones? Can we use an equation of state to describe collisionless plasmas, like MHD codes for...
全文获取路径: Cambridge U Press  (合作)
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来源刊物:
影响因子:0.755 (2012)

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关键词翻译
关键词翻译
  • collisionless 无碰撞的
  • collisional 碰撞的
  • relations 性行为
  • MHD Movable-Head Disc
  • propagate 繁殖
  • ubiquitous 同时普遍存在的
  • scales 天平
  • particle 颗粒
  • collide 冲突
  • responsible 负责的