This paper explores the problematic relationship of literature to law, demonstrating that even as literature sheds a critical light on the internal and external contradictions of the law, it also, conversely, adopts the lawyer's practice of trying to restore social harmony through the practice of cases. At the moment when the law is performed, most notably when judgment is passed, art takes up the case and, by opening up the dramatic uncertainties and ambiguities of the supposedly closed matter, constitutes the audience or reader as judge. Literature is therefore able to examine laws in a critical, ironic, aesthetic manner, using a fictional mode to pose questions that the law does not resolve, or only seems to have resolved; it demonstrates that laws are interpretable and debatable. This... article shows how theatre can perform and increase this process. Theatre is not concerned to establish an absolute, final or ideal resolution, but (by using an aesthetic proposal as a starting point) it is concerned to make an appearance before the audience of a sort that will simultaneously produce a heterogeneity of judgments. The outcome is paradoxical, contradictory and fear-inducing. It is an aesthetic operation, practical and represented by moving bodies, by objects, sounds and breaths that often support a text, but it is also a specific, political operation in the space where it takes place.