A multiple methods approach: radiation associated cataracts and occupational radiation safety practices in interventionalists in South Africa
作者: A RoseW I D RaeP ChikobvuW Marais
作者单位: 1Department of Community Health, University of the Free State, South Africa
2Department of Medical Physics, University of the Free State, South Africa
3Free State Department of Health, South Africa
4Department of Ophthalmology, University of the Free State, South Africa
刊名: Journal of Radiological Protection, 2017, Vol.37 (2)
来源数据库: Institute of Physics Journal
DOI: 10.1088/1361-6498/aa5eee
原始语种摘要: Ionising radiation is a modality used in diagnostic and therapeutic medicine. The technology has improved and resulted in lower dose exposure but there has been an escalation in the quantity of procedures, their duration and complexity. These factors have meant increased occupational radiation exposure for interventionalists. Ionising radiation exposure can have detrimental health effects and includes radiation skin burns, various carcinomas, genetic and chromosomal aberrations and cataractogenesis of the lenses of the eye. The lenses of the eye are of the most radiosensitive organs and the risk of cataracts is high despite low radiation dose exposures. The use of personal protective equipment (PPE) is a method that can be used to mitigate the risk for developing lens opacifications. The...
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影响因子:1.386 (2012)

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关键词翻译
关键词翻译
  • radiation 辐射
  • safety 安全
  • occupational 职业的
  • inductive 电感的
  • understand 理解
  • personal 个人
  • radiosensitive 放射敏感的
  • multiple 多次的
  • exposure 暴露
  • securing 固定