Biomimetic Chemistry and Synthetic Biology: A Two-way Traffic Across the Borders
作者: Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent
刊名: HYLE: International Journal for Philosophy of Chemistry, 2009, Vol.15 (1), pp.31-46
来源数据库: Hyle Publications
关键词: philosophy of chemistrysynthetic biologynature versus artifactself-assemblyreductionismvitalism
原始语种摘要: Crossing the boundaries - between nature and artifact and between inanimate and living matter - is a major feature of the convergence between nanotechnology and biotechnology. This paper points to two symmetric ways of crossing the boundaries: chemists mimicking nature's structures and processes, and synthetic biologists mimicking synthetic chemists with biological materials. However to what extent are they symmetrical and do they converge toward a common view of life and machines? The question is addressed in a historical perspective. Both biomimetic chemistry and synthetic biology can be described as descendants of an ambitious program developed by Stéphane Leduc who coined the phrase 'synthetic biology' in the early twentieth century. The main intention of this genealogy is to...
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关键词翻译
关键词翻译
  • inanimate 无生命的
  • intention 意图
  • meant 意思是
  • convergence 汇合
  • synthetic 合成的
  • phrase 短语
  • emphasize 强调
  • metaphysical 形而上学的
  • question 问题
  • nanotechnology 毫微技术