Pilot Domain Task Experience in Night Fatal Helicopter Emergency Medical Service Accidents
作者: Aherne, Bryan B.Zhang, ChrystalNewman, David G.
刊名: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance, 2016, Vol.87 (6), pp.550-556
来源数据库: Aerospace Medical Association
DOI: 10.3357/AMHP.4454.2016
关键词: decision-makingexpertiseHEMSrotary wingrisk
原始语种摘要: Abstract: INTRODUCTION: In the United States, accident and fatality rates in helicopter emergency medical service (HEMS) operations increase significantly under nighttime environmentally hazardous operational conditions. Other studies have found pilots’ total flight hours unrelatedto HEMS accident outcomes. Many factors affect pilots’ decision making, including their experience. This study seeks to investigate whether pilot domain task experience (DTE) in HEMS plays a role against likelihood of accidents at night when hazardous operational conditions are entered. METHODS: There were 32 flights with single pilot nighttime fatal HEMS accidents between 1995 and 2013 with findings of controlled flight into terrain (CFIT) and loss of control (LCTRL) due to spatial disorientation (SD)...
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关键词翻译
关键词翻译
  • operational 运算的
  • pilots 航路指南
  • night 
  • likelihood 似然
  • CFIT Controlled Flight Into Terrain
  • rates 地方税
  • control 控制
  • decision 决定
  • hazardous 危险
  • making 制定