Delivery and fate of fluvial water and sediment to the sea: a marine geologist's view of European rivers
作者: John D. Milliman
作者单位: 1School of Marine Science
刊名: Scientia Marina, 2001, Vol.65 (S2), pp.121-132
来源数据库: Directory of Open Access Journals
DOI: 10.3989/scimar.2001.65s2121
关键词: European riversHydrologic regimesRiver runoffSediment loadsShoreline erosionAnthropogenic signatures
原始语种摘要: Despite their relatively small drainage areas, European rivers reflect a wide variety of hydrologic regimes, although with very few exceptions they have been strongly affected by human activity. Scandinavian rivers (particularly those draining Iceland and western Norway) can have high runoff, and, except for those draining Iceland, all have very low suspended and dissolved sediment loads. Northern and western European rivers have somewhat lower runoff, among the lowest suspended sediment yields in the world, and anthropogenically enhanced dissolved solid loads. Annual discharge of many of these rivers appears to vary inversely with the North Atlantic Oscillation index. Rivers discharging from the southern Alps into the Mediterranean Sea have relatively high runoff, high suspended sediment...
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  • sediment 沉积
  • European 欧洲人
  • erosion 侵蚀
  • rivers 水流
  • runoff 
  • particularly 特别
  • suspended 悬浮
  • deforestation 滥伐
  • conservation 保存
  • draining 排水