Xiaogang Guo, Jie Ding, Yue Qi, Nan Jia, Shaoli Chu, Jinxiu Lin, Jinzi Su, Feng Peng, Wenquan Niu
||PLoS ONE, 2017, Vol.8 (11)
||Directory of Open Access Journals
OBJECTIVE: The transradial approach has been used extensively for both diagnostic and interventional coronary procedures; however, there is no universal consensus hitherto on the optimal choice of radial access from either the left or the right artery. We therefore sought to meta-analyze available randomized clinical trials to compare the left with the right radial access for the diagnostic or interventional coronary procedures. METHODS AND RESULTS: Four electronic databases including the PubMed, EMBASE, Wanfang, and CNKI were searched up to April 2013. In total, there were 22 qualified randomized trials involving 5317 and 4970 patients assigned to the left and the right radial accesses, respectively. Data were extracted independently by two investigators. Analyses of the full data set... indicated significant reductions in fluoroscopy time (seconds) (weighted mean difference; 95% confidence interval; P: -36.18; -53.28 to -18.53; <0.0005) and contrast use (mL) (-2.88; -5.41 to -0.34; 0.026) in patients with the left radial access compared to those with the right radial access, and there was strong evidence of heterogeneity but low probability of publication bias. The failure rate of radial access from the left was relatively lower than that from the right (odds ratio: 0.83; 95% confidence interval: 0.68-1.01; P = 0.064). Further in meta-regression analyses, body mass index was found to be a potential source of heterogeneity for both fluoroscopy time (regression coefficient: 35.85; P = 0.025) and catheter number (regression coefficient: 0.35; P = 0.018). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings demonstrate that left radial access is preferable to right radial access in terms of fluoroscopy time and contrast use for the diagnostic or interventional coronary procedures. The import of this study lies in its great shock to the concept of convenient radial access from the right artery.