Chitin and Chitosan Preparation from Marine Sources. Structure, Properties and Applications
作者: Islem YounesMarguerite Rinaudo
作者单位: 1Laboratory of Enzyme Engineering and Microbiology, University of Sfax, National School of Engineering, PO Box 1173-3038, Sfax, Tunisia
2Biomaterials Applications, 6 rue Lesdiguières, Grenoble 38000, France
刊名: Marine Drugs, 2015, Vol.13 (3), pp.1133-1174
来源数据库: Directory of Open Access Journals
DOI: 10.3390/md13031133
关键词: ChitinChitosanChemical and enzymatic deproteinizationDemineralizationCharacterizationDeacetylationBiological activitiesBiomedical applications
原始语种摘要: This review describes the most common methods for recovery of chitin from marine organisms. In depth, both enzymatic and chemical treatments for the step of deproteinization are compared, as well as different conditions for demineralization. The conditions of chitosan preparation are also discussed, since they significantly impact the synthesis of chitosan with varying degree of acetylation (DA) and molecular weight (MW). In addition, the main characterization techniques applied for chitin and chitosan are recalled, pointing out the role of their solubility in relation with the chemical structure (mainly the acetyl group distribution along the backbone). Biological activities are also presented, such as: antibacterial, antifungal, antitumor and antioxidant. Interestingly, the relationship...
全文获取路径: DOAJ  (合作)
分享到:
来源刊物:
影响因子:3.978 (2012)

×
关键词翻译
关键词翻译
  • chitosan 壳聚糖
  • chitin 甲壳质
  • enzymatic 酶催的
  • chemical 化学的
  • Marine 海军(部)海军陆战队almanac 航海历
  • acetylation 乙酰化
  • conditions 条件式
  • relationship 关系
  • antibacterial 抗细菌的
  • biomedical 生物医学