With increasing emphasis on the control of greenhouse gases, power plants may move towards oxy-fuel technologies rather than air-fired plants. This move leads to a change in the feed to the desulfurization unit, which also needs to be adapted along with the power plant. Most existing plants already have functioning desulfurization units, which need to be retrofitted for the new conditions. In the present study, three different limes have been examined as sorbents for sulfur capture in oxy-fuel conditions with varying residence times at medium temperature (150−450 ∘ C). Parameters indicative of the kinetics and competition between SO 2 and CO 2 , like SO 2 breakthrough time, total lime conversion, yield for sulfur capture and sulfur selectivity have been evaluated. The results of this... study lead to the recommendation that medium temperature desulfurization should be used for moderate SO 2 capture, in combination with already existing sulfur capture systems. The effects of CO 2 and water vapor have also been analyzed. In addition, the performance of the unit irrespective of temperature strongly depends on the lime type. In addition, absence of water vapor strongly favored the desulfurization process when there was high concentration of CO 2 .