Emergency Hospital Visits in Association with Volcanic Ash, Dust Storms and Other Sources of Ambient Particles: A Time-Series Study in Reykjavík, Iceland
作者: Hanne Krage CarlsenThorarinn GislasonBertil ForsbergKadri MeisterThrostur ThorsteinssonThorsteinn JóhannssonRagnhildur FinnbjornsdottirAnna Oudin
作者单位: 1entre of Public Health Sciences, University of Iceland, Stapi v/Hringbraut, 101 Reykjavík, Iceland
2Department of Respiratory Medicine and Sleep, Landspítali University Hospital-Fossvogur, 108 Reykjavík, Iceland
3Unit of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Umeå University, 90187 Umeå, Sweden
4Unit of Environment and
刊名: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 2015, Vol.12 (4), pp.4047-4059
来源数据库: Directory of Open Access Journals
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph120404047
关键词: Particle matterVolcanic ashDust stormsEmergency hospital visitsRespiratory healthCardiovascular health
原始语种摘要: Volcanic ash contributed significantly to particulate matter (PM) in Iceland following the eruptions in Eyjafjallajökull 2010 and Grímsvötn 2011. This study aimed to investigate the association between different PM sources and emergency hospital visits for cardiorespiratory causes from 2007 to 2012. Indicators of PM10 sources; “volcanic ash”, “dust storms”, or “other sources” (traffic, fireworks, and re-suspension) on days when PM10 exceeded the daily air quality guideline value of 50 µg/m3 were entered into generalized additive models, adjusted for weather, time trend and co-pollutants. The average number of daily emergency hospital visits was 10.5. PM10 exceeded the air quality guideline value 115 out of 2191 days; 20 days due to volcanic ash, 14 due to dust storms (two days had both...
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关键词翻译
关键词翻译
  • Iceland 冰岛
  • emergency 非常时期
  • quality 品质
  • volcanic 火山的
  • hospital 医院
  • other 别的
  • following 追踪
  • number 号码
  • daily 每天的
  • inconclusive 不确定