Facial melanoses: Indian perspective
作者: Neena KhannaSeemab Rasool
刊名: Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology, 2011, Vol.77 (5), pp.552-564
来源数据库: Directory of Open Access Journals
DOI: 10.4103/0378-6323.84046
关键词: CorticosteroidsErythema dyschromicum perstansFacial melanosisHydroquinoneLichen planus pigmentosusMelasmaRiehl′s melanosisRetinoids
原始语种摘要: Facial melanoses (FM) are a common presentation in Indian patients, causing cosmetic disfigurement with considerable psychological impact. Some of the well defined causes of FM include melasma, Riehl′s melanosis, Lichen planus pigmentosus, erythema dyschromicum perstans (EDP), erythrosis, and poikiloderma of Civatte. But there is considerable overlap in features amongst the clinical entities. Etiology in most of the causes is unknown, but some factors such as UV radiation in melasma, exposure to chemicals in EDP, exposure to allergens in Riehl′s melanosis are implicated. Diagnosis is generally based on clinical features. The treatment of FM includes removal of aggravating factors, vigorous photoprotection, and some form of active pigment reduction either with topical agents or physical...
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  • melanosis 黑变病
  • pigmentosus 色素的
  • melasma 黑斑病
  • planus 平的
  • poikiloderma 皮肤异色症
  • physical 物理的
  • dermabrasion 擦皮术
  • causes 白内障的原因
  • considerable 相当
  • hydroquinone 氢醌