Stages of Copper Coin Circulation in the Bulgar Vilayat (second half of 13th — first third of 14th cc.)
作者: Bugarchev Aleksey I. Petrov Pavel N.
作者单位: 1Institute of Archaeology named after A. Kh. Khalikov, Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Tatarstan. Butlerov St., 30, Kazan, 420012, the Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation
2Sh. Marjani Institute of History of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Tatarstan. Kremlin, 5 entrance, Kazan, 420014, Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation
刊名: Povolžskaâ Arheologiâ, 2013, Vol.1 (3), pp.216-231
来源数据库: Directory of Open Access Journals
DOI: 10.24852/pa2013.
关键词: BulgarThe 13th-14th centuries.NumismaticsCoin circulationThe pulMonetary reformUzbek Khan
原始语种摘要: А.I. Bugarchyov, P.N. Petrov Stages of copper coins minting and circulation in the Bulgar vilayat during the second half of the 13th to first third of the 14th century are examined in the article. The catalog of all currently known copper coin types that had been minted in 1266-1340 at the Bulgar mint is presented. On the basis of indirect evidence, the dating of four types of copper coins has been suggested. An extended (cca. 60 years) period from the late 13th to early 14th century has been revealed, when the puls were not minted, being out of circulation in the Bulgar vilayat. Thus, a temporary switch from bimetallic (silver and copper) circulation to monometallic (silver) one, followed by a return to the bimetallic (silver and copper) variant is observed. The resumption of pul minting...
全文获取路径: DOAJ  (合作)

  • third 第三的
  • silver 
  • bimetallic 双金属的
  • copper 
  • monometallic 单本位制
  • second 
  • century 世纪
  • circulation 循环
  • catalog 目录
  • first 第一