|作者：||Dimitri Schopf, Ulla Gro Nielsen, Mohammed Es-Souni|
1Institute for Materials & Surface Technology, University of Applied Sciences Kiel, Grenzstrasse 3, 24149 Kiel, Schleswig-Holstein, Germany
2Department of Physics, Chemistry and Pharmacy, University of Southern Denmark, Campusvej 55, 5230 Odense M, Denmark
3Institute for Materials & Surface Technology, University of Applied Sciences Kiel, Grenzstrasse 3, 24149 Kiel, Schleswig-Holstein, Germany; Corresponding author.
|刊名：||Materials & Design, 2018, Vol.158 , pp.106-112|
|来源数据库：||Directory of Open Access Journals|
|原始语种摘要：||Lithium fluoride (LiF) and fluoride additives in carbon-based materials are currently under research as electrode materials for energy storage applications. Herein we demonstrate a simple and novel method for the in situ fabrication of fluorinated carbon-LiF nanocomposites both as powder and as supported thin films. The starting solution of polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) and lithium nitrate (LiNO3) in N,N‑Dimethylformamide is poured into a mould or applied to a thermally resistant substrate as a thin film. Pre-tempering and further pyrolysis at 550 °C yield LiF doped amorphous and fluorinated carbon (AC) powder or film. The precursor solution can be additionally modified with multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) to yield porous AC-MWCNT-LiF-nanocomposites. Structural and morphological... characterization (scanning electron and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction as well as solid-state 7Li magic angle spinning nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy) show a fine dispersion of faceted LiF-nanoparticles in the carbon matrix or decorating the MWCNTs. The formation mechanism involves the thermally activated reaction of Li-ions with the fluorine of the polymer during pyrolysis thus allowing an in situ nanocomposite to be obtained. Finally the electrochemical capacitance properties in a two-electrode set-up using LiNO3 in ethylene glycol as electrolyte are reported and discussed in comparison to LiF-free electrodes. Keywords: Lithium fluoride, Fluorinated carbon, Lithium nitrate, Nanocomposite, Pyrolysis, Prelithiation|