Bilingualism and cognitive reserve: A critical overview and a plea for methodological innovations
作者: Noelia eCalvoAdolfo M. GarcíaLaura eManoiloffAgustin eIbanez
作者单位: 1Cognitive Psychology of Language and Psycholinguistics Research Group, Laboratory of Cognitive Psychology, CIPSI (CIECS-CONICET), National University of Córdoba
2Institute of Cognitive Neurology (INECO)
刊名: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience, 2016, Vol.7
来源数据库: Directory of Open Access Journals
DOI: 10.3389/fnagi.2015.00249
关键词: Cognitive ReserveBilingualismAlzheimer’s diseaseRetrospective StudiesExperimental research.
原始语种摘要: The decline of cognitive skills throughout healthy or pathological aging can be slowed down by experiences which foster cognitive reserve (CR). Recently, some studies on Alzheimer’s disease have suggested that CR may be enhanced by life-long bilingualism. However, the evidence is inconsistent and based on retrospective approaches featuring several methodological weaknesses. Some studies demonstrated at least four years of delay in dementia symptoms, while others did not find such an effect. Moreover, various methodological aspects vary from study to study. The present paper addresses contradictory findings, identifies possible lurking variables, and outlines methodological alternatives thereof. First, we characterize possible confounding factors that may have influenced extant results....
全文获取路径: DOAJ  (合作)
影响因子:5.224 (2012)

  • methodological 方法论的
  • reserve 保留地
  • cognitive 修]认知[识
  • executive 等程序
  • contradictory 矛盾
  • variables 变量
  • successfully 成功地
  • working 开采
  • inconsistent 不相容
  • through 经过