Women make up around fifty percent of the workplace in most large firms, especially in developing economies.Afghan and Indian women are in professional and management ranks of most industries. This study focused onthe technical, human, and conceptual skills of women from Afghanistan and India to see if cultural differencesand socialization in different political, economical, educational, and social systems can be a significantinfluencing factor. The researchers attempted to address whether Afghan and Indian women have similar ordifferent orientations in management skills. The results of 202 respondents show that these two groups havesignificantly different management and leadership skills. Indian women scored extremely high on technical skillsand Afghan women scored high on conceptual... skills. Implications for researchers, managers, and humanresource professionals are presented.