Today, human capital at every level is considered more important than ever to organisations that hope to raise their competitiveness, both globally and locally, as organisations face a global, complex, dynamic, highly competitive, and extremely volatile environment. Nonetheless, organisations need to increase their attention to their human capital who owns unique qualities and greatest potential, and those who can sustain the competitive advantage of the organisation to stay on top. Notwithstanding the growing recognition of the importance of qualified employees, the main challenge facing most organisations is the shortages of managerial and professional talent. Shortage of talent is a major obstacle facing many companies in the implementation of their global strategies. Based on the... increased need for basic skills and advanced skills level, talent management (TM) has emerged in many works of literature that emphasises the importance of human capital as a first step in gaining and sustaining a global competitive advantage. The McKinsey study was a turning point on how organisations today think about employees, where the change as an initial step in addressing the challenges of human capital. Talent management issues are becoming increasingly significant in a far wider range, not only for the private sector but also how it affected the public sector. The review of the literature revealed that the amount of research that has gone into talent management could be categorised in the following order: North America and Europe, Asia, Africa, and the Middle East at the bottom. From the above extant literature, it is evident that very little research has gone into talent management in the Middle East. Therefore, a gap has been identified, which provides an opportunity to conduct more research in talent management in the Middle East. This research will attempt to fill this gap by contributing to the body of knowledge in exploring the effect of talent management developments in Saudi Healthcare Sector. This study adopted a qualitative approach using a case study. Interviews will be conducted with a target of 80 respondents in Saudi public hospitals using a semi-structured questionnaire to gain an in-depth understanding. The data collected will be analysed using thematic analysis. However, from the literature, it is suggestive that there is a positive impact of talent management in the public health care sector in the developed countries.