ABSTRACTLinear coherent noise attenuation is a troublesome problem in a variety of seismic exploration areas. Traditional methods often use the differences in frequency, wavenumber, or amplitude to separate the useful signal and coherent noise. However, the application of traditional methods is limited or even invalid when the aforementioned differences between useful signal and coherent noise are too small to be distinguished. For this reason, we have managed to develop a new algorithm from the differences in the shape of seismic waves, and thus, introduce mathematical morphological filtering (MMF) into coherent noise attenuation. The morphological operation is calculated in the trace direction of a rotating coordinate system. This rotating coordinate system is along the direction of the... trajectory of coherent noise to make the energy of the coherent noise distributed along the horizontal direction. The MMF approach is more effective than mean and median filters in rejecting abnormal values and causes fe...