|作者：||Karin Reinhold, Marina Järvis, Gunnar Prause|
1Tallinn University of Technology, Tallinn, Estonia http://ttu.ee
2Tallinn University of Technology, Tallinn, Estonia http://ttu.ee
|刊名：||Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Issues, 2019, pp.10-24|
|来源数据库：||Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Center|
|关键词：||SECA regulations; Clean shipping; Health and environmental impact; Maritime occupational health and safety; Socio-economic risks;|
After the implementation of the SECA regulation in BSR in 2015, one other step towards cleaner shipping will be the NECA regulation from 2021. Thus, green shipping is an important highlight on the Baltic Sea Region (BSR) environmental agenda. It is well known that shipping is one of the most international industries but it also represents one of the most dangerous businesses since maritime sector workers are often exposed to a number of occupational hazards such as difficult and uncontrolled climate conditions, emissions, noise, vibration, chemicals, and long hours of work in combination with rigid organisational structures, isolation and high levels of psychological stress. Maritime workers are often confronted with health problems, occupational diseases, incidents and occupational... accidents. This sends a strong pointer that green shipping should also imply greener maritime jobs so that the work becomes safer for workers and corresponds to the global challenges of environmental protection, economic development and social inclusion. The presented research analyses the health and safety aspects of green shipping in the context of occupational health and safety (OSH) to identify set of indicators that are essential to be applied in green shipping. The central research question evaluates health and OSH risks of BSR inhabitants and seafarers to determine the extent to which the SECA regulations have helped to improve health and work related conditions in the BSR.