A floor field cellular automaton for crowd evacuation considering different walking abilities
作者: Zhijian FuXiaodong ZhouKongjin ZhuYanqiu ChenYifan ZhuangYuqi HuLizhong YangChangkun ChenJian Li
作者单位: 1State Key Laboratory of Fire Science, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, 230026, PR China
2School of Transportation Engineering, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei, 230009, PR China
3Institute of Disaster Prevention Science and Safety Technology, Railway Campus, Central South University, Changsha, 410075, PR China
刊名: Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, 2015, Vol.420 , pp.294-303
来源数据库: Elsevier Journal
DOI: 10.1016/j.physa.2014.11.006
关键词: Crowd evacuationFloor field cellular automatonConflict resolutionPhase transitionMulti-velocities
英文摘要: Abstract(#br)It has been hard to model a crowd evacuation process considering different walking abilities using a synchronous cellular automaton. That is because the cross and the overlaps of routes have to be taken into consideration and the conflicts resolution between pedestrians is more complex. However, the desired velocities of evacuees might be quite different due to the discrepancies of the physiological function, including age, gender, physical state, and the psychological behavior, such as the perception and reflection to the dangers. Additionally, an evacuee might change his desired velocity constantly to adapt to the changing evacuation environment. Thus, a multi-velocities floor field cellular automaton model was established in this paper. Using little CPU time, a dense crowd...
全文获取路径: Elsevier  (合作)

  • walking 步行
  • automaton 自动机
  • evacuation 排气
  • considering 鉴于
  • floor 底盘
  • different 不相同的
  • cellular 细胞状的
  • crowd 群集
  • field