Longitudinal melanonychias
作者: Nilton Di ChiacchioBeth S. RubenWalter Refkalevsky Loureiro
作者单位: 1Dermatology Clinic, Hospital do Servidor Público Municipal de São Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
2Departments of Dermatology and Pathology, Dermatopathology Service, University of California, San Francisco, California
刊名: Clinics in Dermatology, 2013, Vol.31 (5), pp.594-601
来源数据库: Elsevier Journal
DOI: 10.1016/j.clindermatol.2013.06.007
原始语种摘要: Abstract(#br)Melanonychia is black or brown pigmentation that appears in the fingernails and toenails. The pigment can come from exogenous sources, such as bacteria or fungal infection, tar, or blood. Endogenous causes include aberrant melanin production in the nail bed, resulting in a longitudinal presentation. Melanonychia can indicate the presence of cancerous growths, as well as infection. Diagnostic measures, including dermatoscopy, biopsy, and histopathology, can determine the cause and direct the course of treatment. Malignant lesions should be excised, and underlying infections should be addressed with antibiotics or antifungals. Benign lesions and hyperpigmentation may benefit from a wait-and-see approach.
全文获取路径: Elsevier  (合作)
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影响因子:2.341 (2012)

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关键词翻译
关键词翻译
  • dermatoscopy 皮血管镜检查
  • pigmentation 着色
  • histopathology 组织病理学
  • cancerous 癌性的
  • melanin 黑素
  • presentation 提示
  • aberrant 异常的
  • fungal 真菌的
  • infection 感染
  • underlying 下伏的