1Key Laboratory of Applied Technology on Green-Eco-Healthy Animal Husbandry of Zhejiang Province, College of Animal Science and Technology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Zhejiang Agriculture and Forestry University, Hangzhou, 311300, China
Abstract(#br)Astakine is a crucial factor in the proliferation and differentiation of hematopoietic stem cells and is directly involved in hematopoiesis in crustaceans. To assess the role of Astakine in the innate immune system of Scylla paramamosain , the immune responses in healthy and Astakine-inhibited S. paramamosain were investigated in the present study. The RNA transcripts of Astakine were widely distributed in all examined tissues, with significantly higher levels of expression in hemocytes of both healthy and challenged S. paramamosain with Vibrio alginolyticus and WSSV. When Astakine was knocked down by RNA interference technology, immune-related genes, including Janus kinase , prophenoloxidase , hemocyanin , β-actin , myosin II essential light chain-like protein , signal... transducer and activator of transcription , Relish , and C-type-lectin , were significantly down-regulated in hemocytes. The levels of phenoloxidaseactivity (PO), total hemocyte counts (THC) and hemocyte proliferation decreased significantly in hemocytes of Astakine-dsRNA treated S. paramamosain . After being challenged with V. alginolyticus and WSSV, the THC decreased significantly and the levels of hemocyte apoptosis increased significantly in Astakine-dsRNA treated S. paramamosain in comparison with those in infected groups without Astakine-dsRNA treatment. After being challenged with WSSV, the WSSV copies were significantly lower in Astakine-dsRNA treated groups than those in the WSSV infection group, which suggested that knockdown of Astakine was not conductive to WSSV replication and this might be associated with the decreasing THC. The results of survival analysis showed that the survival rate of V. alginolyticus or WSSV infected S. paramamosain decreased significantly following Astakine knockdown. These results suggested that RNA interference of Astakine might weaken the resistance of S. paramamosain to V. alginolyticus or WSSV infection. The weaken resistivity after knockdown Astakine might be related to the changes of important immune-related gene expression, THC, PO activity, proliferation and apoptosis of hemocytes.