Contest versus scramble competition: sex differences in the quest for status
作者: Joyce F BenensonHelen Abadzi
作者单位: 1Harvard University, Department of Human Evolutionary, Biology, United States
2University of Texas at Arlington, Department of Psychology, United States
刊名: Current Opinion in Psychology, 2020, Vol.33 , pp.62-68
来源数据库: Elsevier Journal
DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2019.07.013
原始语种摘要: Both sexes benefit from attaining higher status than same-sex peers, but each sex employs distinctive competitive tactics. Men engage in conspicuous public contests for status and directly interfere with others’ success. Despite frequent and intense contests which occasionally turn lethal, men typically employ ritualized tactics and accept status differentials within a group. More recently, research has examined women’s subtle, safe, and often solitary, competitive tactics. Women’s main competitive tactics consist of maintaining a few long-term alliances and gaining advantages when competitors are not present. When competitors are present, women utilize leveling, social exclusion, and low-cost forms of contest competition to best other women.
全文获取路径: Elsevier  (合作)

  • competition 竞争
  • tactics 策略
  • differentials 差价
  • competitive 竞争性的
  • gaining 担槽
  • status 状态
  • versus 
  • often 往往
  • contest 竞争
  • scramble 扰频