How affect shapes status: distinct emotional experiences and expressions facilitate social hierarchy navigation
作者: Zachary WitkowerEric J MercadanteJessica L Tracy
作者单位: 1Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia, Canada
刊名: Current Opinion in Psychology, 2020, Vol.33 , pp.18-22
来源数据库: Elsevier Journal
DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2019.06.006
原始语种摘要: All human societies are organized hierarchically, and individuals who occupy positions of high social rank typically acquire fitness advantages over lower ranking group members. Here, we argue that certain emotions function, at least in part, to help individuals successfully navigate these hierarchies. We review evidence suggesting that nine distinct emotions — pride, shame, anger, fear, sadness, disgust, contempt, envy, and admiration — influence social rank outcomes in important ways; most notably subjective experiences of these emotions motivate adaptive status-relevant behavior, and nonverbal expressions associated with these emotions send adaptive messages to others which facilitate expressers’ attainment and maintenance of social rank. In sum, the reviewed emotions are thought to...
全文获取路径: Elsevier  (合作)
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关键词翻译
关键词翻译
  • emotional 情绪的
  • social 群居的
  • disgust 厌恶
  • navigation 航行
  • admiration 赞赏
  • acquire 获得
  • argue 证明
  • distinct 相异的
  • facilitate 简化
  • occupy 占用