Being in power means that one’s actions impact others' situation. Accordingly, power can be seen as opportunity to ‘make things happen’, which often leads to selfish behavior among the powerful. Yet, power-holders at times also assume responsibility towards others, treating those with low power with more care. Multiple findings support these two sides of power. The present paper adds that power-holders may also take responsibility for the tasks at hand (taking care of organizational success and tasks associated with their role). As such, many findings that power facilitates goal-directedness can be interpreted either in a way that the powerful ‘selfishly’ make use of opportunities—or rather that they assume task responsibility and make sure to reach (task) goals. Doing so allows to... connect power and leadership, gaining a deeper understanding of what power-holders may feel responsible for and how their (social and task) responsibility may contribute to the functioning of hierarchies.