Upper bound risk estimates for mixtures of carcinogens
作者: Ralph L. KodellHongshik AhnJames J. ChenJanet A. Springercurtis N. BartonRichard C. Hertzberg
作者单位: 1Biometry Branch, HFT-20, National Center for Toxicological Research, Food and Drug Administration, 3900 NCTR Rd., Jefferson, AR 72079, USA
2Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, Food and Drug Administration, 200 C Street, SW, Washington, DC 20204, USA
3Environmental Criteria and Assessment Office, Environmental Protection Agency, 26 W. Martin Luther King Dr., Cincinnati, OH 45268, USA
刊名: Toxicology, 1995, Vol.105 (2), pp.199-208
来源数据库: Elsevier Journal
DOI: 10.1016/0300-483X(95)03213-Y
关键词: AdditivityBootstrapConservatismLikelihood ratioMonte CarloMultistage model
原始语种摘要: Abstract(#br)The excess cancer risk that might result from exposure to a mixture of chemical carcinogens usually is estimated with data from experiments conducted on individual chemicals. An upper bound on the total excess risk is estimated commonly by summing individual upper bound risk estimates. The degree to which this approach might overstate the true risk associated with the mixture has not been evaluated previously. This paper reports the results of a Monte Carlo simulation study on the degree of reduction in conservatism that might be achieved using alternative methods for calculating mixture upper bounds. An unexpected finding is that for chemicals that exhibit strongly linear dose-response relationships, the summing of multistage-model-based upper bounds on excess risk can be...
全文获取路径: Elsevier  (合作)
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影响因子:4.017 (2012)

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关键词翻译
关键词翻译
  • bound 
  • excess 超量
  • conservatism 保守主义
  • unexpected 突然的
  • estimates 估值
  • carcinogens 致癌物
  • multistage 多级式
  • mixtures 混合料
  • individual 个体
  • summing 求和