The Medieval Climate Anomaly and Byzantium: A review of the evidence on climatic fluctuations, economic performance and societal change
作者: Elena XoplakiDominik FleitmannJuerg LuterbacherSebastian WagnerJohn F. HaldonEduardo ZoritaIoannis TelelisAndrea ToretiAdam Izdebski
作者单位: 1Climatology, Climate Dynamics and Climate Change, Department of Geography, Justus-Liebig-University Giessen, Giessen, Germany
2Department of Archaeology and Centre for Past Climate Change, School of Human and Environmental Sciences, University of Reading, Reading, UK
3Institute for Coastal Research, Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht, Geesthacht, Germany
4History Department, Princeton University, USA
5Research Center for Greek and Latin Literature, Academy of Athens, Athens, Greece
6European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Ispra, Italy
7Byzantine History Department, Institute of History, Jagiellonian University in Krakow, Krakow, Poland
刊名: Quaternary Science Reviews, 2016, Vol.136 , pp.229-252
来源数据库: Elsevier Journal
DOI: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2015.10.004
关键词: Medieval Climate AnomalyByzantine empireClimate impactsSociety
原始语种摘要: Abstract(#br)At the beginning of the Medieval Climate Anomaly, in the ninth and tenth century, the medieval eastern Roman empire, more usually known as Byzantium, was recovering from its early medieval crisis and experiencing favourable climatic conditions for the agricultural and demographic growth. Although in the Balkans and Anatolia such favourable climate conditions were prevalent during the eleventh century, parts of the imperial territories were facing significant challenges as a result of external political/military pressure. The apogee of medieval Byzantine socio-economic development, around AD 1150, coincides with a period of adverse climatic conditions for its economy, so it becomes obvious that the winter dryness and high climate variability at this time did not hinder...
全文获取路径: Elsevier  (合作)
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影响因子:4.076 (2012)

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关键词翻译
关键词翻译
  • change 变化
  • climatic 气候的
  • economic 经济的
  • societal 社会的
  • evidence 
  • performance 性能
  • review 复审