Experimental study on containment of moderate-viscous oil by floating boom subject to waves and currents
作者: Yang ShiJiahua WeiShaowu LiShitao PengBangwen Zhang
作者单位: 1State Key Laboratory of Hydroscience and Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, PR China
2State Key Laboratory of Hydraulic Engineering Simulation and Safety, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, PR China
3State Key Laboratory of Plateau Ecology and Agriculture, Qinghai University, Xining 810016, PR China
4Tianjin Research Institute for Water Transport Engineering, Ministry of Transport, Tianjin 300456, PR China
刊名: Applied Ocean Research, 2020, Vol.94
来源数据库: Elsevier Journal
DOI: 10.1016/j.apor.2019.102003
关键词: Experimental studyFloating boomModerate-viscous oilHydrodynamic performanceFailure mechanism
原始语种摘要: Abstract(#br)It is necessary to comprehensively understand the hydro-dynamic behavior of spilled oil contained by the floating oil boom, especially for emergency response after an oil spill accident. In the present study, the profile evolution process and principal containment failure mechanism of moderate-viscous oil in wave-current coupling condition are experimentally investigated by considering the effects of the oil viscosity and the spilled volume as well as the boom characteristics of material stiffness, skirt length and buoyancy-weight ratio. A series of empirical formulae in terms of slick length, peak thickness as well vortex scale near the boom, initial failure velocity and loss rate of spilled oil considering the oil properties, the spilled volumes and boom characteristics are...
全文获取路径: Elsevier  (合作)
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影响因子:1.072 (2012)

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关键词翻译
关键词翻译
  • 封闭 溢出
  • floating 浮动的
  • viscous 粘滞的
  • polynomial 多项式
  • empirical 经验的
  • spill 溢出
  • containment 溢出
  • stepwise 步进式
  • proposed 建议的
  • moderate 适当的
  • formulae 公式