Radiotherapy Availability in Africa and Latin America: Two models of Low/ middle income countries
作者: Mai K. BishrMohamed S. Zaghloul
作者单位: 1Radiotherapy Department, Children’s Cancer Hospital Egypt (CCHE), Cairo, Egypt
2Radiotherapy Department, National Cancer Institute, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt
刊名: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics, 2018
来源数据库: Elsevier Journal
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijrobp.2018.06.046
关键词: Low- and middle- income countriesLMICRadiotherapy availabilityRadiotherapy coverageGross domestic productAfricaLatin AmericaLife expectancyCancer mortality to Incidence RatioMIR
英文摘要: Abstract(#br)The access of low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) to radiation facilities is far from optimal. Latin America and Africa represent 55% of LMIC, where radiotherapy facilities are available in only 70% and 46% of the countries, respectively. Only three countries in both regions meet the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) recommendation of 250,000 population per megavoltage machine (MVM). In Africa, the mean population served by one MVM is 3.56 million compared to 0.65 million in Latin America. The distribution of radiation facilities in both regions varies according to the income groups. In Latin America, lower-middle-income countries have a distribution of 1.64 million inhabitants per MVM as opposed to 0.64 and 0.49 million inhabitants per MVM in upper-middle and...
全文获取路径: Elsevier  (合作)

  • Latin 拉丁语
  • income 收入
  • Africa 非洲
  • America 美洲
  • middle 中间的