Proper orthogonal decomposition for energy convergence of shock waves under severe knock
 作者： Han Xu,  Anren Yao,  Chunde Yao,  Jian Gao 作者单位： 1State Key Laboratory of Engines, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, China2School of Environment Science and Engineering, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, China 刊名： Energy, 2017, Vol.128 , pp.813-829 来源数据库： Elsevier Journal DOI： 10.1016/j.energy.2017.04.019 关键词： Proper orthogonal decomposition;  Energy convergence;  Shock wave focusing;  Severe knock;  Destruction; 英文摘要： Abstract(#br)Under severe knocks of internal combustion engines, parts like pistons and spark plugs are vulnerable to be damaged by energy convergence of shock waves. Furthermore, the damaged positions and failure modes have a significant regularity. In order to reveal the mechanism and avoid such damage, numerical simulations combined with detonation bomb experiments were conducted to explore the energy convergence phenomenon. Proper orthogonal decomposition was developed to extract the main pressure distributions so that the positions where energy converges can be found and the convergence modes can be recognized. Results show that energy convergence could occur in combustion chambers when severe knocks occurred. The spark plug, central region and edge region of a piston are in typical... positions where energy converges. In addition, the position and intensity of such convergence are varied with the chamber shapes. The damaged samples further prove that the engine parts failure is caused by the energy convergence of shock waves. It's shown that the proper orthogonal decomposition is a simple and efficient method to identify the convergence modes and find the convergence positions. This research can provide a theoretical basis for the chamber design to avoid energy convergence as well as the destruction under severe knock.

• convergence　汇合
• decomposition　分解
• energy　能量
• knock　敲打
• orthogonal　直交的
• shock　冲击冲突
• severe　严滥
• under　在下