作者： 
Janusz Kotowicz, Mateusz Brzęczek, Marcin Job

作者单位： 
^{1}Institute of Power Engineering and Turbomachinery, Silesian University of Technology, Konarskiego 18, 44100, Gliwice, Poland

刊名： 
Energy, 2018, Vol.164 , pp.359376 
来源数据库： 
Elsevier Journal 
DOI： 
10.1016/j.energy.2018.08.076 
关键词： 
Combined cycle power plant; Gas turbine; Efficiency; Steam cooling; 
英文摘要： 
Abstract(#br)This paper presents a methodology to clearly identify energy benefits (in terms of power and efficiency) resulting from the use heat from gas turbine steam cooling and heat from cooling air. These potential benefits are evaluated in terms of the characteristics of combined cycle power plants in a wide range of pressure ratios β = 10 ÷ 100. Calculations were made for four variants (optimistic and conservative), differing in terms of the performance characteristics of the compressor and turbine isentropic efficiency as a function of β and the permissible temperature of the expander blades in the gas turbine. The steam part of the power plant in question is composed of a classical steam cycle with a triplepressure subcritical heat recovery steam generator (HRSG) with reheating,... to which gases from a gas turbine are fed at a constant temperature of 630 °C. The power plant also has an additional steam cycle utilizing the heat from cooling the air from the intercooler of the air compressor. The impact of using steam cooling on the electrical efficiency of the gas turbine as well as the entire power plant is presented. This was compared to classical openair cooling, achieving a gas turbine electrical efficiency seven percentage points higher for high pressure ratios. Using steam and air heat, the combined cycle power plant achieves a net electrical efficiency of more than 65% for β ≥ 95. This paper presents the calculation algorithm of the breakeven cost of electricity C el b  e (at the NPV = 0) and the cost of the components as a function of the pressure ratio β . In addition, the efficiency and power degradation of the power plant over time is presented. The lowest cost C el b  e = 64.85 €/MWh (at the fuel price 8.179 €/GJ) was obtained for the compression ratio β = 31. But, the range of compression ratios for which this is close to the optimum is wide and is within the range of β = 18 ÷ 53. Sensitivity analysis of the breakeven cost of electricity to changes in microeconomic factors was performed for case O1 (characterized by the highest net electrical efficiency of the unit), such as: investment costs, gas fuel price, power plant operating time and CO 2 emission allowance cost. This showed that a change in these factors has little effect on the change in the optimal gas turbine pressure ratio, while significantly affecting the profitability of the combined cycle power plant. Calculations show that the thermodynamic optimum (maximum efficiency) and economic optimum (minimum breakeven cost of electricity) do not overlap.
