|作者：||Hao Jian, Chen Dan, Yuan Jin-Wei|
1Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital, Tianjin, China.
2School of Basic Medical Sciences, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin, China.
|刊名：||Traditional Medicine Research, 2018, Vol.3 (1), pp.10-21|
|来源数据库：||TMR publishing group|
|原始语种摘要：||Highlights This paper evaluates the suppressive and accelerant roles of TGF-β in hepatocellular carcinoma, discusses how a tumor-suppressor pathway can be so radically turned on its head and further provides some new molecular insights that may aid efforts towards targeted antitumor therapies. Editor’s Summary This review pays particular attention to the dual role of TGF-β in hepatocellular carcinoma. It also discusses the potential anti-tumor herbs through TGF-β signaling pathways. Abstract Derangements of several cell signaling pathways have been implicated in the initiation, progression, and development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). One of such pathways is the activated TGF-β/Smad pathway. TGF-β inhibits proliferation and induces apoptosis in various cells types in the early... tumor, and accumulation of loss-of-function mutations in the TGF-β receptor or Smad genes in tumor classify the pathway as a tumor suppressor. However, in chronic hepatitis, the cytostatic effect of TGF-β for hepatocytes attenuates as liver disease progresses from cirrhosis to HCC under persistent inflammatory microenvironments. In the later cancer period, TGF-β promotes tumor growth by modulating processes such as cell invasion, immune regulation, and microenvironment modification. Here we evaluate the suppressive and accelerant roles of TGF-β in HCC, discuss how a tumor-suppressor pathway can be so radically turned on its head and further provide some new molecular insights that may aid efforts towards targeted antitumor therapies. Moreover, we discussed the potential anti-tumor herbs through TGF-β signaling pathways.|