Optimal design of functionally graded material columns for buckling problems
作者: N. T. Alshabatat
刊名: Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Sciences (JMES), 2018, Vol.12 (3)
来源数据库: Universiti Malaysia Pahang Publishing
DOI: 10.15282/jmes.12.3.2018.11.0342
关键词: Axially graded columnsColumn bucklingStructural optimizationGenetic algorithmsFinite element.
原始语种摘要: This paper presents a method for improving the buckling capacity of slender columns by employing functionally graded materials (FGMs) instead of isotropic materials in constructing these members. The volume fractions of FGM constituents are varied along the column length by a trigonometric function thereby causing variations in material properties such as stiffness and density. The effective material properties are evaluated based on Mori-Tanaka scheme. The buckling problem has been solved using the finite element method (FEM) whereas optimal solution was obtained through a genetic algorithm. The present design problem considered identification of the optimal volume fraction distribution of the FGM that maximizes the critical buckling load-to-weight ratio for columnar members with...
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关键词翻译
关键词翻译
  • design 设计
  • optimal 最佳的
  • material 充填料
  • buckling 地壳弯曲
  • functionally 就其功能
  • columns 
  • constructing 合组
  • problem 题目
  • successfully 成功地
  • members