Comparative Effectiveness of Smoking Cessation Medications among Schizophrenic Smokers
作者: I-Hsuan WuHua ChenPatrick BordnickEkere James EssienMichael JohnsonRonald J PetersAisha VadhariyaSusan Abughosh
作者单位: 1Department of Pharmaceutical Health Outcomes and Policy, College of Pharmacy, University of Houston, USA
2Graduate College of Social Work, University of Houston, USA
3School of Public Health, University of Texas Health Center at Houston, USA
刊名: Trends Journal of Sciences Research, 2018, Vol.3 (3), pp.104-115
来源数据库: Trend Research Publishing
DOI: 10.31586/PharmaceuticalHealth.0303.01
关键词: Comparative effectivenessSmoking cessationSchizophr
原始语种摘要: Objective: To examine which medication could lead to a higher short and long term smoking abstinence in patients with schizophrenia.Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted using General Electric (GE) medical records database (1995 – 2011). The cohort consisted of adult smokers with diagnosis of schizophrenia newly initiating cessation medication. Short term and long term outcomes of cessation were measured at 3 weeks and 1 year. Descriptive and chi-square analyses were used to determine the frequencies and associations of patient characteristics with the abstinence outcomes. Logistic regression models were carried out to determine the predictors of short term and long term abstinence. Results: The cohort consisted of 3,976 patients. Abstinence rate was highest for Varenicline,...
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  • cessation 停止
  • abstinence 禁戒
  • schizophrenia 精神分裂症
  • cohort 伙伴
  • schizophrenic 精神分裂症
  • medication 药疗法
  • statistically 统计地
  • tailored 简明的
  • household 
  • combination 聚形