Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), first synthesized in 1818 through the acidification of barium per-oxide (BaO2) with nitric acid, is a clear and colorless liquid which is entirely miscible with water and variety oforganic solvents such as carboxylic acid and esters. Anthraquinone process (an old production process of H2O2),a batch process carried out in large facilities is an energy demanding process that requires large facilities, andinvolves oxidation of anthraquinone molecules and sequential hydrogenation. Moreover, the direct synthesismethod enables production in a continuous mode as well as it permits small scale, decentralized production.Many drawbacks associated with these processes such as, energetic inefficiency and inherent disadvantageshave motivated researchers, industry and academia... to find out alternative for synthesis of H2O2. Electrochem-ical route based on catalyst selectively reduce oxygen to hydrogen peroxide. O2is cathodically reduced toproduce H2O2via 2-electron pathway or 4-electron pathway to get H2O. Electrolysis of water has an importantplace in storage and electrochemical energy conversion process where problem is to choose a sufficiently stableand active electrode for anodic oxygen evolution reaction. Most commonly used catalysts on the cathode arecarbon based materials such as carbon black, carbon nanotubes, graphite, carbon sponge, and carbon fiber. Inperspective of expanding demand of production and usage of hydrogen peroxide we review the past literatureto summarize different production processes of H2O2. In this review, we mainly focus on electrochemical pro-duction of hydrogen peroxide along with other alternatives, such as anthraquinone method for industrial H2O2production and direct synthesis process. We also review the catalytic activity, selectivity and stability for en-hanced yield of H2O2. From revision of last two decade’s literature including experimental and theoretical data;we argue that successful implementation of electrochemical H2O2production can be realized on the basis ofstable, active and selective catalyst.