|作者：||Vinita A Acharya1, P S V N Sharma2, Sreekumaran Nair3|
2 Professor and Head, Deptt. of Psychiatry
3 Professor and Head, Deptt. of Statistics Manipal University, Manipal, Karnataka, India.
|刊名：||Indian Journal of Occupational Therapy, 2016, Vol.48 (1)|
|来源数据库：||All India Occupational Therapists' Association|
|关键词：||assertiveness; adults; Indian context; mental health promotion; qualitative research;|
|原始语种摘要：||Introduction: Assertiveness is one of the important communication skill influencing our relationships and life role participation. It is known to play a role in stress management, conflict resolution and in maintaining a positive self-concept. Indians are traditionally considered to be not as assertive as their Western counterparts. However, with changing trends in the society and improvement in financial and educational status, it may be expected to change. Method: Qualitative methods were employed to understand the perspectives of urban adults in Mumbai about assertiveness. Four focus group discussions were conducted with men and women from different age groups and social backgrounds to understand their beliefs and experiences related to assertiveness. Findings: Three key themes emerged... from the analysis of the data. ‘Acceptance by others’, ‘positive emotions as an outcome’ and ‘risk-benefits ratio’ appeared to be major concerns in being assertive. Conclusion: Understanding the views on assertiveness and perceived barriers to being assertive may help develop strategies for effective assertiveness training. It would enable occupational therapists to educate individuals in developing assertiveness which could be an effective step towards mental health promotion.|