Skilling and Employability: Understanding Challenges in India with Special Reference to West Bengal
作者: Partha Pratim Mitra
作者单位: 1Former Principal Labour & Employment Adviser, Ministry of Labour & Employment, Government of India.
刊名: Indian Journal of Public Administration, 2018, Vol.64 (2), pp.143-158
来源数据库: Sage Publications, Inc.
DOI: 10.1177/0019556117750893
关键词: DemandSupplyMismatchEffectiveMapping skill gaps
原始语种摘要: Demand and supply mismatch is central to the issue of skills and employability. If levels of education are considered as proxy for skills, literacy and numeracy, then higher share of those with lower levels of education—primary to secondary level (44% to 52%)—has not joined the labour force compared to those with higher education levels. The paradox is that unemployment levels are the highest for engineering, technology and management and lower for law, medical and accounts graduates. High dropout rates in schools contribute to lower levels of skills in the workforce. There is dominance of self-employed and casual labour over wage labour. Telangana, Tamil Nadu, Manipur and Uttarakhand have both high gross enrolment ratio and high workforce participation. Studies show that only 40 per cent...
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  • workforce 劳动力
  • skilled 熟练的
  • unemployment 失业
  • share 分配
  • national 国家的
  • demand 需用电力
  • participation 参与
  • labour 工作
  • logical 逻辑的
  • supply 供给