This paper aims to describe the hydropower development and resettlement management background, and to review the existed regulatory framework on resettlement policies and implementation management of hydropower projects in Laotian context. The results of review note showed that, Laos has planned to become the “Battery of ASEAN” and so rid itself of the status of least developed country by 2020. Thus, the hydropower and mining projects have become the main key sectors for contributing and supporting the socioeconomic development of the country. Nowadays, about 22 hydropower projects with totally installed capacity of 3,205 megawatts have been operated. The hydropower projects have provided the better public infrastructures and electric supply to local, national and regional communities.... However, the lager hydropower development projects have created the environmental, social, cultural, and economical impacts and the resettlement of people in reservoir areas. To overcome issues, the project developers in cooperation with related sectors must follow the preferable Decree No. 192 on Compensation and Resettlement of Development Project, its technical guidelines, and related article of laws for resettlement and compensation programs.