Sex differences in obstructive sleep apnoea
作者: Maria R. BonsignoreTarja SaaresrantaRenata L. Riha
作者单位: 1PROMISE Dept, UOC of Pneumology, University of Palermo, Palermo, Italy
2Institute of Biomedicine and Molecular Immunology (IBIM), National Research Council (CNR), Palermo, Italy
3Division of Medicine, Dept of Pulmonary Diseases, Turku University Hospital, Turku, Finland
4Sleep research Centre, Dept of Physiology, University of Turku, Turku, Finland
5Dept of Sleep Medicine, Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK
6Centre for Clinical Brain Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK
刊名: European Respiratory Review, 2019, Vol.28 (154)
来源数据库: European Respiratory Society
DOI: 10.1183/16000617.0030-2019
原始语种摘要: Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) and obstructive sleep apnoea/hypopnoea syndrome (OSAHS) have long been considered predominantly male-related conditions. The clinical presentation of sleep disordered breathing in females differs from males and can vary with age and physiological status, e.g. menopause and pregnancy. Overall, females appear to be more symptomatic, with lower apnoea–hypopnoea index scores compared to males. Furthermore, they appear to have more prolonged partial upper airway obstruction, and may report insomnia as a symptom of OSAHS more frequently. As a consequence of these differences in clinical presentation, females with sleep disordered breathing are often underdiagnosed and undertreated compared to males. This review is aimed at discussing the epidemiology, clinical...
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关键词翻译
关键词翻译
  • sleep 睡眠
  • apnoea 呼吸暂停
  • obstructive 阻碍的
  • breathing 通风
  • disordered 混乱的
  • presentation 提示
  • insomnia 失眠
  • obstruction 塞住
  • syndrome 症候群
  • conditions 条件式