Negation in Amharic and Ezha: A comparative perspective
作者: Endalew Assefa
作者单位: 1Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia
刊名: Macrolinguistics, 2018, Vol.6 (9), pp.16-35
来源数据库: The Learned Press
DOI: 10.26478/ja2018.6.9.2
关键词: NegationAllomorphPrototypical verbCopular verbExistential verb
原始语种摘要: This article offers a description of negation marking in the two Ethio-Semitic languages: Amharic and Ezha. The description has been made from the perspective of synchronic comparison. The article discloses that both Amharic and Ezha make use of negative prefixes in order to reverse the truth condition of an affirmative expression. The negative morphemes employed by each of the two languages have two allomorphic variants whose alternation is grammatically conditioned. The two allomorphs of the negative marker in Amharic are al- which occurs with perfective and imperative verbs, and a- that surfaces with imperfective and jussive verbal conjugations. Similarly, the Ezha negative prefix appears as an- with perfective verbal bases, and as a- with imperfective, jussive and imperative verb...
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  • imperative 命令
  • negation 
  • suppletion 互补
  • perspective 透视画法
  • readings 收银机指示数
  • existential 存在的
  • subordinate 下级的
  • allomorphic 同质异晶的
  • person 人称
  • verbal 口头