The contribution of condensation-corrosion in the morphological evolution of caves in semi-arid regions: preliminary investigations in the Kyrenia Range, Cyprus
作者: Didier CailholPhilippe AudraCarole NehmeFadi Henri NaderMladen GarašićVasile HeresanuSalih GucelIris CharalambidouLauren SatterfieldHai ChengR. Lawrence Edwards
作者单位: 1EDYTEM, University of Savoy - Mont-Blanc - CNRS, Pôle Montagne, 73376 Le Bourget-du-Lac
2Polytech’Lab EA 7498 Polytech Nice-Sophia University of Nice Sophia-Antipolis 930 route des Colles 06903 Sophia-Antipolis
3UMR 6266 IDEES, University of Rouen – CNRS
4Union Internationale de Spéléologie, UIS ; IFP Energies nouvelles
5Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts (Karst Committee); University of Zagreb
6CINaM, CNRS Aix-Marseille University, Campus de Luminy, case 913, 13288 Marseille cedex 9
7Environmental Research Center, Near East University, Nicosia
8Department of Life and Health Sciences, School of Sciences and Engineering, University of Nicosia
9School of Environmental and Forest Sciences, Box 352100, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195
10Xi'an Jiaotong University
11University of Minnesota
刊名: Acta Carsologica, 2019, Vol.48 (1)
来源数据库: ZRC SAZU, Založba ZRC
DOI: 10.3986/ac.v48i1.6782
原始语种摘要: The condensation-corrosion process occurs when airflow cools at the contact with colder cave walls. Condensed water becomes aggressive for soluble rocks and corrodes the walls. This process is particularly active close to cave entrances in high thermal gradient zones where external air enters caves. Condensation appears to be important where bat colonies are also present. Bat metabolism and guano decomposition release heat, vapour, and acids. Hence, bat colonies contribute to the increase of condensation- corrosion, especially by providing permanent moisture and chemical aggressiveness. Corrosive air convections produce rounded morphologies, such as ceiling channels, cupolas, and corroded older flowstones. This process has been overlooked in previous research, since related morphologies...
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  • Cyprus 塞浦路斯
  • condensation 冷凝
  • corrosion 腐蚀
  • development 开发
  • process 过程
  • phreatic 潜水层的
  • gypsum 石膏
  • decomposition 分解
  • external 外部的
  • often 往往