Glaucoma and dry eye disease: the role of preservatives in glaucoma medications
作者: Ratna SitompulRina L.D. Nora
刊名: Medical Journal of Indonesia, 2011, Vol.20 (4)
来源数据库: Medical Journal of Indonesia
DOI: 10.13181/mji.v20i4.467
原始语种摘要: Glaucoma is a common cause of irreversible blindness with increasing prevalence. Some of glaucoma patients will also experience dry eye. Dry eye is the most frequent side effect related to benzalkonium chloride (BAC)-containing eye drop used for glaucoma patients. In addition, glaucoma and dry eyes have shared risk factors that are old age and female. Dry eye among glaucoma patients need to be treated promptly as it produces discomfort, reduces patients’ compliance and  decreases success rate of glaucoma therapy. Dry eye symptoms can be treated by applying preservative-free eye drop, giving combination of preservative containing and preservative-free eye drop to reduce BAC exposure, prescribing artificial tear and conducting surgery to minimize or eliminate the need of topical...
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  • glaucoma 绿内障
  • benzalkonium 苯甲烃铵
  • preservative 防腐剂
  • discomfort 不舒适感
  • blindness 第二型色盲
  • female 女性的
  • chloride 氯化物
  • minimize 最小化
  • topical 局部的
  • artificial 人为的