This paper established a feasible index system forcentralized drug procurement in China, which can be used toguide medical institutions to select the bid-winning drugsof same kinds and supervise the process of centralized drugprocurement. Based on the literature and related policydocuments, the index information was ranked by the relativeimportance, and the analytic hierarchy process method wasused to construct the judgment matrix by pairwisecomparison. The weight coefficient of each index wascalculated and the consistency test was carried out. Ahierarchical model consisting of four primary indicators(including enterprise development capability, drug quality,drug clinical use, and drug economy) and 17 secondaryindicators was constructed, and the weight of each indicatorto the target layer... was calculated. The objective,scientific, quantitatively comparable, operative andfeasible drug centralized procurement index system has beenestablished.