The phantom of technological unemployment
作者: Kapeliushnikov, Rostislav
刊名: Russian Journal of Economics, 2019, Vol.5 (1), pp.88-116
来源数据库: Redaktsiya zhurnala Voprosy Ekonomiki
DOI: 10.32609/j.ruje.5.35507
关键词: Technological changelabor demandcompensation theorytechnological unemploymentcomputerizationrobotics
原始语种摘要: Nowadays there are many gloomy prophecies provided by both technologists and economists about the detrimental effects of the so-called Fourth Industrial Revolution on aggregate employment and its composition. These prophecies imply that in the near future we will face Robocalypse — a massive replacement of people by machines alongside an explosion in joblessness. This paper provides theoretical, empirical and historical evidence that the phenomenon of technological unemployment is a phantom. The most general results can be summarized as follows: in the long run, reduction in labor demand under the impact of new technologies is merely a theoretical possibility that has never before been realized in practice; at the level of individual firms, there is a strong positive relationship between...
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  • unemployment 失业
  • technological 工芝的
  • labor 工作
  • demand 需用电力
  • phantom 受精台
  • aggregate 集合体
  • level 水准
  • empirical 经验的
  • prospect 预料
  • macro