"Endeavoring to Carry On Their Work": The National Debate Over Midwives and Its Impact in Rhode Island, 1890-1940.
作者: Caron Simone M
作者单位: 1Wake Forest University.
刊名: Nursing history review : official journal of the American Association for the History of Nursing, 2017, Vol.25 (1), pp.26-53
来源数据库: PubMed Journal
DOI: 10.1891/1062-8061.25.26
原始语种摘要: This article analyzes the national discourse over "the problem" of midwifery in medical literature and examines the impact of this dialogue on Rhode Island from 1890 to 1940. Doctors did not speak as a monolithic bloc on this "problem": some blamed midwives while others impugned poorly trained physicians. This debate led to curricula reform and to state laws to regulate midwifery. The attempt to eliminate midwives in the 1910s failed because of a shortage of trained obstetricians, and because of cultural barriers between immigrant and mainstream communities. A decrease in immigration, an increase in trained obstetricians, the growing notion of midwives as relics of an outdated past, and the emergence of insurance plans to cover "modern" hospital births led to a decline in midwifery.
全文获取路径: PubMed  (合作)

  • debate 争辩
  • modern 现代的
  • immigration 移居
  • trained 受过训练的
  • because 由干
  • midwifery 接生
  • dialogue 对话
  • discourse 会谈
  • immigrant 入境移民
  • monolithic 整体式