|作者：||Knechtle Beat, Nikolaidis Pantelis Theodoros, Zingg Matthias Alexander, Rosemann Thomas, Rüst Christoph Alexander|
1Gesundheitszentrum St. Gallen, St. Gallen, Switzerland.
2Institute of Primary Care, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.
3Department of Physical and Cultural Education, Hellenic Army Academy, Athens, Greece.
|刊名：||The Chinese journal of physiology, 2017, Vol.60 (1)|
|关键词：||age; athlete; man; running; woman;|
|原始语种摘要：||The age of the best marathon performance has been well investigated for flat city marathonrunning, but not for mountain marathon running. The aim of this study was to determine the age of thebest mountain marathon performance and to compare to results of a flat city marathon. Race timesand ages of finishers of a mountain marathon with 1,830 m of altitude change (Jungfrau Marathon,Switzerland) and two flat city marathons (Lausanne Marathon and Zurich Marathon, Switzerland)were analysed using linear, non-linear and mixed-effects regression analyses. Race times were slowerin the mountain compared to the city marathon. In both the mountain marathon and the city marathons,women and men improved performance and men were faster than women when the fastest per yearand all per year were... considered. When the fastest runners in 1-year age intervals were consideredin the mountain marathon, the fastest man (3:01 h:min) was ~35.6 years and the fastest women(3:28 h:min) ~34.5 years old. When all finishers were considered in 1-year age intervals, the fastestmen (4:59 h:min) were ~29.1 years old and the fastest women (5:16 h:min) were ~25.6 years old. Inthe city marathons in 1-year age intervals, the fastest man (2:10 h:min) was ~23.7 years old andthe fastest woman (2:36 h:min) ~32.2 years old. When all finishers were considered in 1-year ageintervals, the fastest men (3:41 h:min) were ~35.0 years old and the fastest women (4:00 h:min) ~33.8 yearsold. In summary, the age of the fastest women and men was higher in the mountain marathoncompared to the city marathons when the fastest runners were considered. However, when all finisherswere considered the age of the fastest women and men was lower in the mountain marathon comparedto the city marathons.|