Calibrating the universe, and why we need to do it
 作者： Lori-AnneGardi 刊名： Physics Essays, 2016, Vol.29 (3), pp.327-336 来源数据库： Physics Essays DOI： 10.4006/0836-1398-29.3.327 关键词： Unit Analysis;  Calibration;  Pixel;  Action;  Energy;  Quantum;  Frequency;  Cycle;  Domain;  Fractal.; 原始语种摘要： Planck's constant, h , as an action constant is one of the most widely studied concepts in theoretical physics. It appears in many equations from Planck's energy equation to the famous Schrodinger equation. Historically, the energy equation, E = hv , and units for h , [ J × s ] , were chosen by convention. However, this essay describes a method of analysis that sees h as an energy constant and not an action constant. Using the logic of the calibration and the equations for calculating Planck natural units, an attempt is made to find the smallest measuring sticks or “pixels” for the domains of time, space, mass, charge, and temperature. Using this method, it is found that Planck units for the domains of mass, charge, and temperature do not correspond to the smallest measure-units. To... correct this, Planck's energy equation is modeled as the equation of an experiment, E = htv , and the extra unit of [ s ] , which is normally assigned to h , is assigned to a previously hidden measure-time variable, t . Here, h has the units of [ J ] and interprets as quantum of energy, Q energy. Quantum of mass, Q mass, is calculated using h / c 2 which herein has units of mass. Using this logic, a complete set of quantum measure-units, calibrated to the time scale of the cycle is derived and tested. A self-similar set of measure-units, calibrated to the time scale of the second, is also derived. This approach leads to a modified unit analysis (MUA) that differs somewhat from that found in the NIST standard. MUA offers a slightly more complex but much more exact unit analysis where everything is accounted for and nothing is hidden. Using MUA as a foundation, an alternate cosmology is proposed that puts the first cycle of time or Planck epoch at a temperature of 10 - 12 K, in stark contrast to the big bang model which puts the Planck epoch at a temperature of 10 + 32 K. The implications of this result, if correct, are of great significance.

• equation　方程
• constant　常数
• units　部件
• studied　学习
• measure　测度
• temperature　温度
• standard　标准
• energy　能量
• calibrated　刻度的
• smallest　最小的