We present in this paper a chronological study on the main line of the electromagnetic radiation throughout the history of mankind. This history is divided into three distinct eras: Preclassical, classical, and modern era. In the preclassical era, myths are studied starting with Hyperion (god of lightning), extramission theory, and Euclid principles. While in the classical era, the main focus is on classical theories of physics through introducing the Maxwell equations and Huygens and Newton's theories on light. In addition, aspects of light via particle and wave theory are reviewed. Special relativity, photoelectric effect, and radiation in quantum mechanics are the studied topics in the modern era. We present the advancement in photonic science from the last century till the present... time and show its influences on fields such as lasers, quantum field theory, holographs, light emitting diodes, and entanglement.