Intensive and extensive properties: Thermodynamic balance
作者: Pierre-Marie RobitailleStephen J. Crothers
刊名: Physics Essays, 2019, Vol.32 (2), pp.158-163
来源数据库: Physics Essays
DOI: 10.4006/0836-1398-32.2.158
原始语种摘要: In equilibrium thermodynamics systems can be described in terms of properties which are either (1) intensive, (2) extensive, or (3) neither intensive nor extensive. While they can vary with spatial location in nonequilibrium systems, intensive properties are homogenous functions of degree (or order) zero ( k = 0) and can be measured at any point. Temperature must always be intensive, as required by the laws of thermodynamics. This fundamental aspect of temperature is preserved whether dealing with equilibrium or nonequilibrium systems, as the latter can be analyzed with local thermal equilibrium or reduced time intervals. As for extensive properties, given equilibrium, they are homogeneous functions of degree one ( k = 1) and consequently, are both additive and dependent on spatial...
全文获取路径: 物理学论文  (合作)

  • extensive 广泛的
  • either 任何
  • properties 道具
  • balance 平衡
  • thermodynamics 热力学
  • equilibrium 平衡
  • preserved 保藏的
  • intensive 集约的
  • required 必需
  • expression 表示