Crisis in Sub-Saharan Africa: Stagnation and Decline in the 1980s
作者: Ana Paula F. MendesMario A. Bertella
作者单位: 1SADC Project: Instituto de Desenvolvimento Agrário de Angola and World Bank, Luanda, Angola
2Department of Economics, Sao Paulo State University (UNESP), Araraquara, Brazil
刊名: Modern Economy, 2019, Vol.10 (11), pp.2232-2252
来源数据库: Scientific Research Publishing Journal
DOI: 10.4236/me.2019.1011140
原始语种摘要: After independence, Sub-Saharan Africa experienced arapid succession of economic, social and political issues. The magnitude of thiscrisis has led to attempts by international organizations and politicaleconomists to explain with two prevailing approaches: an internalist one and anexternalist one. The externalist perspective predominantly attributed theresponsibility of this crisis to deteriorating terms of trade and theinstability of international markets, while the internalist one blamed mainlylocal policies. The purpose of this paper is to fill a gap in this literature,bringing the contribution of structural and historical factors. A weakinstitutional base, the low quality of human capital, and corruption createdconditions for misguided sectoral strategies and unsustainable...
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  • Africa 非洲
  • economic 经济的
  • productive 生产的
  • political 政治
  • momentum 动量
  • international 国际的
  • sector 
  • capital 首都
  • social 群居的
  • corruption 讹误